Whether people should be allowed to keep cats and dogs in apartment buildings in Vietnam is a controversial topic, said Tran Minh Hung, a member of the Ho Chi Minh City Bar Association.
Current regulations prohibit residents from raising livestock and poultry in apartment buildings, but many people highlighted that neither cats nor dogs are classified as livestock according to Circular No. 23/2019 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
As such, the issue falls to the regulations decided by the management board of each building.
Circular No. 07/2016 by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development promulgates that owners of dogs and cats must comply with regulations of apartment buildings, register their pets with commune-level People's Committees in urban areas, keep their pets inside the house, ensure environmental sanitation, and must not let the pets affect other people.
The circular also stipulates that pets brought into public spaces must be muzzled or kept on a leash.
Cats and dogs must also be regularly vaccinated against rabies.
If a dog or cat bites or scratches a person, the owner must compensate the victim and pay a fine.
Ward and commune administrations and police are authorized to handle violations related to raising dogs and cats.
Residents in apartment buildings also have the right to request that their pet-owning neighbors follow regulations.
If violations continue after a pet owner is asked to comply with regulations, they can be reported to building management boards or ward and commune administrations and police.
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